Was hält ein Imperium zusammen?Das Osmanische Reich aus translokaler Perspektive
シュテファン・クノスト Stefan KNOST（日本学術振興会外国人特別研究員 / 東洋文庫）
This international workshop was organised by Dr. Astrid Meier (History Department of the University of Zurich ) and Dr. Henning Sievert (Oriental Studies Department of the University of Zurich) and brought together 18 participants from Austria, Canada, Germany, Japan, Switzerland and Turkey. The official language of the workshop was German.
The aim was to approach the history of the Ottoman Empire through the concept of ‘translocality’ (Translokalität). The ‘translocal’ approach in this context means studying interconnections and relationships at different levels of the Empire, particularly interactions of the ‘imperial’ and the ‘local’. The purpose was to find new answers to the question, why the Ottoman Empire survived such a long time (from the late 13th century to the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1922), despite its multi-ethnic, multi-confessional character and frequent internal struggles for power.
The workshop addressed different topics:
– Remote provinces (Christoph Herzog, Istanbul and Felix Konrad, Bern).
– The borders of the Empire (Stephan Conermann, Bonn and Soumaya Louhichi, Tübingen).
– Mediators and office-holders (Stefan Winter, Montreal and Nora Lafi, Berlin).
– Religious institutions (Erdal Toprakyaran, Heidelberg and Carsten Walbiner, Bonn).
– Networks (Christoph Neumann, Istanbul and Stefan Reichmuth, Bochum).
– Imperial ideology on the local level (Marlene Kurz, Vienna and Stefan Knost, Tokyo).
– Loyalties and interests (M. Erdem Kabaday, Istanbul and Christian Saßmannshausen, Berlin).
– Reform, nation and empire (Johannes Zimmermann, Heidelberg and Hans-Lukas Kieser, Zurich).
The detailed workshop programme is available under the link: >>detail
Stefan Knost (member of TBIAS) re-examined in his presentation ‘Waqf and counter-waqf? Imperial and local endowments in Aleppo (16th to 19th century)’ the often claimed ‘Ottomanisation’ of Aleppo (Syria) in the 16th century through four huge endowments founded by high ranking Ottoman officials.
A look into waqf administration in the 18th and early 19th centuries reveals that these Ottoman imperial endowments did not perform well economically, in contrast to small local mosque endowments that could constantly increase their property and revenues.
It is intended to publish the contributions of this workshop, most probably in English to introduce the concept of ‘translocality’ in Ottoman Studies into a broader international discussion.
reported by Stefan KNOST (JSPS/The Toyo Bunko)